China: The Hukou System – what is it and how does it work?

Hukou is a legal document that records the household population’s basic information, including the name of the natural person, date of birth, relatives, and marital status.

Introduced 60 years ago, a hukou is a key identification document for Chinese citizens and an important administrative tool for the government to monitor its population. Some have criticized the hukou system, stating that it prevents the free flow of labor, creates idle capacity, and results in economic losses, according to an article from China Briefing.

In recent years, the Chinese government has pursued patchwork reforms of the hukou system to respond to these criticisms. In a recent article, China Briefing look at how the hukou system works in China, and why employers should seek to understand them.

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